RADAR IMAGING SATELLITE
20, May 2019
Prelims level : Science and Tech Mains level : GS-III Technology, Disaster Management, Environment (GS3K)
Why in News:
- RISAT-2B, will mark the resumption of a vital ring of Indian all-seeing radar imaging satellites after seven years.
- A constellation of such space-based radars means a comprehensive vigil over the country.
Background: / RISAT:
- The RISAT, which was first deployed in orbit on April 20, 2009 as the RISAT-2, uses synthetic aperture radars (SAR) to provide Indian forces with all-weather surveillance and observation, which are crucial to notice any potential threat or malicious activity around the nation’s borders. Following the 2008 Mumbai terror attacks, the launch of RISAT-2 was prioritised over RISAT- 1, as its C-band SAR radar was not yet ready and RISAT -2 carried an Israeli-built X-band radar.
- The to-be-deployed RISAT-2BR1 satellite uses the same SAR band and will further improve India’s imaging reconnaissance abilities.
- 4th flight unit of the RISAT programme.
- Main mission: reconnaissance and disaster management. DATA access Information:
- Direct reception at appointed ground stations in X-band.
- Off-line data are distributed by the National Remote Sensing Center (NRSC) in Launch scheduled for 22 May 2019.