RTE AMENDMENT BILL PASSED IN PARLIAMENT
04, Jan 2019
Prelims level : Mains level :
- Parliament has passed the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2018, with the Rajya Sabha approving it on Thursday.
- The Lok Sabha had already passed the bill seeking to further amend the Right to Education Act, 2009 to abolish the no-detention policy in schools.
Highlights of the Bill:
- The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits detention of children till they complete elementary education i.e., class 8.
- The act amends this provision to state that a regular examination will be held in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year.
- If a child fails the exam, he will be given additional instruction, and take a re-examination. Such children will be provided two-month remedial teaching to perform better in another examination to be conducted by their schools.
- If he fails in the re-examination, the relevant central or state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child.
Key Issues and Analysis:
- There are differing views on whether children should be detained for failing examinations in elementary school.
- Some argue that automatic promotion reduces incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach.
- Others argue that detaining a child leads to drop outs and does not focus on the systemic factors that affect learning such as quality of teachers, schools, and assessment.
- Provisions of the Bill regarding assessment and detention are at variance with what most states have demanded.
- It is unclear as to who will conduct the examination (which may lead to detention): centre, state, or the school.
- What is no detention policy? Discuss the importance of the policy in the education sector?