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In News:


  • Parliament has passed the Right of Children to Free and Compulsory Education (Amendment) Bill, 2018, with the Rajya Sabha approving it on Thursday. 
  • The Lok Sabha had already passed the bill seeking to further amend the Right to Education Act, 2009 to abolish the no-detention policy in schools. 

Highlights of the Bill:

  • The Right to Education Act, 2009 prohibits detention of children till they complete elementary education i.e., class 8.
  • The act amends this provision to state that a regular examination will be held in class 5 and class 8 at the end of every academic year. 
  • If a child fails the exam, he will be given additional instruction, and take a re-examination. Such children will be provided two-month remedial teaching to perform better in another examination to be conducted by their schools.
  • If he fails in the re-examination, the relevant central or state government may decide to allow schools to detain the child. 

Key Issues and Analysis:

  • There are differing views on whether children should be detained for failing examinations in elementary school.

  • Some argue that automatic promotion reduces incentive for children to learn and for teachers to teach.
  • Others argue that detaining a child leads to drop outs and does not focus on the systemic factors that affect learning such as quality of teachers, schools, and assessment. 
  • Provisions of the Bill regarding assessment and detention are at variance with what most states have demanded.
  • It is unclear as to who will conduct the examination (which may lead to detention): centre, state, or the school.

Mains Question:

  • What is no detention policy? Discuss the importance of the policy in the education sector?
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