U.S., ISRAEL QUIT UNESCO CITING BIAS
02, Jan 2019
Prelims level : “International Institutions.” Mains level : GS-2 “Bilateral, regional and Global groupings involving India or affecting India’s interest.”
- The United States and Israel officially quit the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) with the close of 2018.
- The countries had announced their decisions in 2017 of withdrawing from the agency, accusing it of bias against Israel.
- America has demanded fundamental reform in UNESCO, which was co-founded by it after World War II to foster peace. Israel joined the agency in 1949.
- The withdrawals will not greatly impact UNESCO financially since it has been dealing with a funding slash ever since 2011 when both Israel and the US stopped paying dues after Palestine was voted in as a member state.
United Nations Scientific and Cultural Organisation (UNESCO):
- UNESCO is UN organization that helps preserve historical and cultural sites worldwide. It is special multi-country agency, formed in 1945 and based in France. It promotes literacy and sex education as well as improving gender equality in countries around world.
- It is also known for recognising world heritage sites and work to preserve cultural and heritage sites such as ancient ruins, villages and temples, and historic sites.
- UNESCO also works to improve education for girls, promote understanding of the Holocaust’s horrors, and to defend media freedom.