Prelims level : Eco System, Bio Diversity Mains level : GS-III Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
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Why is it in News?

  • Wildlife experts say the recent large-scale wildfires on the grassland could have wiped out all the seeds of the endemic flowers.


  • Kurinji or Neelakurinji is a shrub that is found in the shola forests of the Western Ghats in South India. Nilgiri Hills, which literally means the blue mountains, got their name from the purplish-blue flowers of Neelakurinji that blossoms only once in 12 years.

Endemic flowers:

  • Endemism is the ecological state of a species being unique to a defined geographic location, such as an island, nation, country or other defined zone, or habitat type.

Sensitive seeds:

  • Neelaakurinji seeds are sensitive without a hard cover and are unlikely to survive mass fire.
  • The seeds, so small usually are distributed in the soil by January after the flowering season and by February they would get a soil cover through the summer rain.
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