Winter Session of Parliament

Prelims level : Parliament Mains level : GS-II Indian Constitution- Historical Underpinnings, Evolution, Features, Amendments, significant provisions and basic structure.
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Why in News?

  • Both Lok Sabha and Rajya Sabha conducted business as usual on the first day of the 2022 Winter Session, as opposed to a turbulent previous session. 


  • Article 85 says the President can summon a session of Parliament “at such time and place as he thinks fit”. Thus, a session can be called on the recommendation of the government, which decides its date and duration.
  • As per parliamentary records, there have only been three instances in the past of the winter session not being held — in 1975, 1979 and 1984.

What the Constitution says?

  • Article 85 requires that there should not be a gap of more than six months between two sessions of Parliament.
  • Therefore, with the monsoon session of Parliament held in September, the government has no constitutional compulsion to hold a winter session.
  • Besides, the Constitution does not specify when or for how many days Parliament should meet.

Why is a Parliamentary Session important?

  • Law-making is dependent on when Parliament meets.
  • Also, a thorough scrutiny of the government’s functioning and deliberation on national issues can only take place when the two Houses are in session.
  • Predictability in the functioning of Parliament is a key to a well-functioning democracy.

How does it help to have Parliament in session throughout the year?

  • There are three main advantages.
  • It enables detailed planning of legislative and policy work all year round.
  • It negates the need for enacting Ordinances.
  • It enables accountability of government functioning by Parliament throughout the year.
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