ZERO BUDGET NATURAL FARMING
07, Jul 2019
Prelims level : Economics- Agriculture Mains level : Major crops cropping patterns in various parts of the country, different types of irrigation and irrigation systems storage, transport and marketing of agricultural produce and issues and related constraints; e-technology in the aid of farmers.
Why in News?
- The Finance Minister Nirmala Sitharaman announced a proposal of Zero Budget Natural Farming in budget 2019 for doubling farmer’s income in the country
Zero Budget Natural Farming:
- “Zero budget” stands for no production cost in farming and “Natural Farming” stands for doing farming without any aided chemical fertilizer or external seed and only using natural resources
- Aim to pull farmers out of the debt trap, cutting production cost and make small scale farming a viable option
- ZBNF involves no use of chemical fertilizers and assures zero credit for agriculture
- This type of farming was successfully initiated in Karnataka and was replicated as a role model in other states
- It cut down the farming expenditure and ends farmer’s reliance on loans
- Practice only natural growth of crops
- Bijamrita, Jiwamrita, Mulching and Waaphasa are the processes of ZBNF
- Intercropping of crops is one of the features of ZBNF
- The required materials are cow dung, cow urine, water, neem pulp, etc.
- The insects are removed by using neem pulp and chillies