Animal Pandemic Preparedness Initiative (APPI)

Why in News?

  • The Ministry of Fisheries, Animal Husbandry & Dairying has recently launched an Animal Pandemic Preparedness Initiative (APPI) under One Health Approach to address the threat of diseases that can be transmitted from animals to humans.


  • The initiative is in line with the World Health Organization’s (WHO) Global One Health strategy, which emphasizes the importance of multisectoral collaboration in addressing the threat of zoonotic diseases.
  • It will help to Improve veterinary services and infrastructure, disease surveillance capabilities, early detection and response, build the capacity of animal health professionals, and awareness among farmers through community outreach.
  • One Health approach recognizes the interconnectedness of human, animal, and environmental health.
  • The Ministry has also launched Animal Health System Support for One Health (AHSSOH) project, funded by the World Bank
  • It aims to create an ecosystem for a better animal health management system using the One Health approach.
  • The project will be implemented over a five-year period as Central sector scheme.
  • It has set a goal to cover 151 districts in five participating states, focusing on upgrading 75 district/regional laboratories, as well as strengthening 300 veterinary hospitals/dispensaries.
  • One Health brings together different sectors to solve health, productivity, and conservation challenges, which is important for India with its diverse wildlife, large livestock population, and high human density.
  • Recent disease outbreaks, like Covid-19, Lumpy Skin Disease, and Avian Influenza, show that addressing disease from just a human perspective isn’t enough. We need to consider livestock and wildlife too.
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