Prelims level : Geography Mains level : Technology, Economic Development, Bio diversity, Environment, Security and Disaster Management
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Why in News?

  • With the extremely severe cyclonic storm Fani expected to cross the Odisha coast, the State government evacuated over 11 lakh people from low-lying areas in 15 districts.


  • Fani is expected to make landfall
  • The cyclone will hit the coast with a maximum sustained wind speed of 170-180 kmph, gusting to 200 kmph.
  • As many as 25 teams of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF), Odisha Disaster Rapid
  • Action Force (ODRAF) along with State fire service personnel have been deployed in the coastal districts


National Disaster Response Force (NDRF)

  • NDRF stands for National Disaster Response Force It comes under Ministry of Home Affairs
  • It is the only dedicated disaster response force in the world Established in 2006
  • HQ: New Delhi
  • At present there are 12 battalions in NDRF which are deployed strategically across country to provide immediate response.
  • 4 new battalions are sanctioned by Union Cabinet.

Role and Mandate of NDRF:

  • Specialized response during disasters.
  • Proactive deployment during impending disaster situations. Acquire and continually upgrade its own training and skills. Reconnaissance, Rehearsals and Mock Drills.
  • Impart basic and operational level training to State Response Forces (Police, Civil Defence and Home Guards).
  • Community Capacity Building Programme. Organize Public Awareness Campaigns.

Tropical cyclones

  • Tropical cyclones are regarded as one of the most devastating natural calamities in the world. They originate and intensify over warm tropical oceans.
  • These are ferocious storms that originate over oceans in tropical areas and move over to the coastal areas causing violent winds, very heavy rainfall, and storm outpourings.
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