3. With respect to the Defamation Cases, consider the following statements:
- Civil defamation has been specifically defined as an offence under section 499 of the Indian Penal Code (IPC).
- Criminal defamation does not rely on statutes to define wrongs but takes from ever-increasing body of case laws to define what would constitute a wrong.
- Section 500 of IPC reads, “Whoever defames another shall be punished with simple imprisonment for a term which may extend to two years, or with fine, or with both.”
Which of the statement(s) given above is/are correct?