GI tag for Coorg Arabica Coffee, four others
- bThe Geographical Indications Registry has granted the Geographical Indication (GI) tag to
- Coorg Arabica Coffee,
- Wayanad Robusta Coffee,
- Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee,
- Araku Valley Arabica Coffee and
- Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee.
The GI was granted on March 1.
- According to the GI application, Coorg Arabica Coffee is grown specifically in Kodagu district in Karnataka.
- As per the GI application for Wayanad Robusta Coffee, the flora of Wayanad is characteristic of the Western Ghats and the plantation crops grown in the cool climate.
- Coffee based farming system is a notable feature of Wayanad. Coffee is grown both as pure crop and as mixed crop along with pepper. Wayanad produces almost around 90% of the state’s Coffee produce which literally concludes that the coffee economy of Kerala is highly correlated with the coffee economy existing in Wayanad. Robusta coffee produce is more than 95% of the total coffee cultivation done in Wayanad.
- Chikmagalur Arabica Coffee and Bababudangiris Arabica Coffee are both grown in Chikmagalur district, Karnataka which is also known as the birthplace of coffee in the country, as per the application petitions.
Coffee production in India
- It is dominated in the hill tracts of South Indian states, with Karnataka accounting for 71%, followed by Kerala with 21% and Tamil Nadu (5% of overall production with 8,200 tonnes).
- Indian coffee is said to be the finest coffee grown in the shade rather than direct sunlight anywhere in the world.
- As of 2018, Indian coffee made up just 4.5% of the global production. Almost 80% of Indian coffee is exported; 70% is bound for Germany, Russia, Spain, Belgium, Slovenia, United States, Japan, Greece, Netherlands and France. Italy accounts for 29% of the exports. Most of the export is shipped through the Suez Canal.
- Coffee is grown in three regions of India with Karnataka, Kerala and Tamil Nadu forming the traditional coffee growing region, followed by the new areas developed in the non-traditional areas of Andhra Pradesh and Orissa in the eastern coast of the country and with a third region comprising the states of Assam, Manipur, Meghalaya, Mizoram, Tripura, Nagaland and Arunachal Pradesh of Northeastern India, popularly known as “Seven Sister States of India.
- Geographical Indication is a genre of Intellectual Property.
- GI tag is an insignia on products having a unique geographical origin and evolution over centuries with regards to its special quality or reputation attributes.
- The status to the products marks its authenticity and ensures that registered authorised users are allowed to use the popular product name.
- These could be naturally grown crops like Assam Chilies or manufactured products like Jaipur Pottery.
- GI tags are given on the basis of the Geographical Indications of Goods (Registration and Protection) Act, 1999.
- The registration of GI is valid for 10 years after which it needs to be renewed.
- Violation of GI tags is punishable offence under law.
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