India’s Manned Space Machine

  • India will launch its first manned space mission by 2022, PM Narendra Modi said on his independence day speech.
  • If it becomes reality, then India is the fourth nation after USA, Russia and china to send her manned mission to space.
  • The Board named ‘GaganYaan’ will go to space carrying an Indian Citizen on 2022.
  • Rakesh Sharma, First Indian to fly in Space in soviet rocket Suyoz T-11 in 1984 and awarded Ashoka Chakra.
  • Kalpana Chawla Become the first women of Indian Origin to fly to space.


  • Initial efforts were taken during 2009 but delayed due to multiple reason’s
  • Now, Prime Minister has emphasised in his speech which is a shot in the arm far ISRO.


  • Sending a satellite is different from a manned mission, the problem is to sustain life.
  • When the aircraft is released it becomes zero gravity causing problem to astronaut.
  • So far, no training facilities has been in existence in our country we have to send our personnel to either USA or Russia for Training.
  • Providing life support system and maintaining temperature on board is another challenge.
  • The Economic cost as proposed by ISRO is 17,500 crore, but government has only sanctioned 900 crores.

Ex – Biology:

The Branch of science that deals with the possibility and likely natured of life on other planets or in space


The Proposed Vehicle is GSLV Mark – III for this mission but there has been plan to use reusable vehicle, if reusable vehicle is used then India will be the first nation to do so.

Future Programs on Pipeline:

  • ISRO also planning to develop small rockets for small satellites like USA has been launching.
  • Example: CUBESAT

A CubeSat (U-class spacecraft) is a type of miniaturized satellite for space research that is made up of multiples of 10×10×10 cm cubic units. CubeSats have a mass of no more than 1.33 kilograms per unit, and often use commercial off-the-shelf (COTS) components for their electronics and structure.

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