GS 3: Environment &BD

Why in news?

  • Lecanorchis Taiwaniana (the parasitic bloom), a type of Orchid was accidentally discovered in Assam by Assam’s forest officer named Jatindra Sarma.
  • He is also the Member Secretary of State Medicinal Plants Board.

Lecanorchis Taiwaniana:

  • The orchid species is already known in Japan, Taiwan and Laos.
  • This is the first time it is discovered in India.
  • Its discovery was published in the Japanese Journal of Botany with the title as “New record for the flora in India”.
  • Lecanorchis Taiwaniana is a mycoheterotroph, which means it is one of the two known types of parasitic plants which have abandoned photosynthesis and derives nutrients and its energy from fungus.It is a variant of a Japanese orchid.
  • It is India’s one ofsmallest botanically recorded Orchids in terms of size and duration of bloom.
  • The discovery of Lecanorchis Taiwaniana adds to the Orchid wealth of North East India (NEI).
  • India has about 1,300 species of orchids out of which 800 are found in NEI, about 300 species are found in the Western Ghats and 200 in North Western Himalayas.
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