Integrated development of wildlife Habitats scheme

Why in News?

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs has approved continuation of the Centrally Sponsored Umbrella Scheme of Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-IDWH) beyond the 12thPlan period from 2017-18 to 2019-20.

Integrated Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-IDWH):

  • The Scheme consists of Centrally Sponsored Scheme of-
    • Project Tiger (CSS-PT)
    • Development of Wildlife Habitats (CSS-DWH) and
    • Project Elephant (CSS-PE)
  • A total of 18 tiger range States, distributed in five landscapes of the country would be benefitted under the Project Tiger scheme.
  • Similarly, for other two schemes, the coverage is entire country in case of Development of Wildlife Habitats (DWH) and 23 elephant range States for Project Elephant.

Benefits of the Scheme:

  • The schemes would result in overall strengthening/ consolidation of tiger, elephant and wildlife conservation in the country.
  • The schemes would address the human wildlife conflict effectively.
  • These schemes would generate employment opportunities resulting in economic upliftment of people in and around tiger reserves/ Protected Areas.
  • It will generate direct employment of about 30 lakh mandays annually which shall include many local tribes besides non-tribal local workforce.
  • Local populace would get opportunities to serve as guides, driver, hospitality personnel and in other ancillary jobs.
  • These schemes would foster imparting various skills towards making people self-dependent through various eco-development projects, thereby enabling them to go for self-employment.
  • These schemes would result in resource generation through tourist visits, thereby fostering in securing tiger source areas.
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