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GS 3: Agriculture

Why in News?

The Vice President of India, Shri M. Venkaiah Naidu has stressed the need to promote integrated farming practices to improve the productivity of livestock and double farmers’ income.


  • Quoting NSSO statistics, estimates, the Vice President said that rural India had an estimated 90.2 million agricultural households and facilitating sustainable income for all these households must be the primary endeavor for everyone.
  • The Vice President said that a healthy and robust agricultural sector was an important prerequisite to ensure sustainable and inclusive growth in India.
  • He called for measures to make farming a lucrative career opportunity, especially for the youth, by making agriculture economically viable and financially rewarding.
  • Saying that Agriculture industry contributes 17% of India’s total GDP, out of which,
  • The 27% comes from Animal Husbandry and overall, the dairy, poultry and
  • Aqua industries contribute 4.4% to the nation’s GDP,
  • The Vice President said that these numbers signify the crucial role played by these sectors in our economy.
  • The Vice President urged the government, agriculture scientists and Krishi Vigyana Kendras to encourage farmers to diversify into allied services for financial stability.

Integrated Farming System:

  • The Integrated Farming System (IFS) approach has multiple objectives of sustainability, food security, farmer security and poverty reduction.
  • It involves use of outputs of one enterprise component as inputs for other related enterprises wherever feasible, for example, cattle dung mixed with crop residues and farm waste can be converted in to nutrient-rich vermi-compost.
  • • The salient features of IFS include –

    • Innovation in farming for maximising production through optimal use of local resources,

    • Effective recycling of farm waste for productive purposes,

    • Community-led local systems for water conservation,

    • Organic farming, and

    • Developing a judicious mix of income-generating activities such as dairy, poultry, fishery, goat-rearing, vermicomposting and others.

Krishi Vigyan Kendra:

  • A Krishi Vigyan Kendra (KVK) is an agricultural extension center in India. The name means “farm science center”.
  • Usually associated with a local agricultural university, these centers serve as the ultimate link between the Indian Council of Agricultural Research and farmers, and aim to apply agricultural research in a practical, localized setting.
  • All KVKs fall under the jurisdiction of one of the 11 Agricultural Technology Application Research Institutes (ATARIs) throughout India.

Responsibilities of KVKs:

  • On-Farm Testing: Each KVK operates a small farm to test new technologies, such as seed varieties or innovative farming methods, developed by ICAR institutes.
  • Front-line Demonstration: Due to the KVK’s farm and its proximity to nearby villages, it organizes programs to show the efficacy of new technologies on farmer fields.
  • Capacity Building: In addition to demonstrating new technologies, the KVK also hosts capacity building exercises and workshops to discuss modern farming techniques with groups of farmers.
  • Multi-sector Support: Offer support to various private and public initiatives through its local network and expertise. It is very common for government research institutes to leverage the network of KVKs when performing surveys with a wide range of farmers
  • Advisory Services: Due to the growing use of ICT, KVKs have implemented technologies to provide farmers information, such as weather advisories or market pricing, through radio and mobile phones.
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