31, Jul 2019
Prelims level : Science & Technology Mains level : GS-III- Science and Technology - developments and their applications and effects in everyday life Achievements of Indians in science & technology; indigenization of technology and developing new technology.
Why in News?
- The government has come out with draft rules to make microdots mandatory in vehicles.
- This move will also ensure that consumers have a way of identifying original parts from fake ones and that contributes to overall safety as well.
- The Ministry of Road Transport and Highways issued a draft notification on amending the Central Motor Vehicles Rules, 1989, and allowing motor vehicles and their parts, components, assemblies, sub-assemblies to be affixed with permanent and nearly invisible microdots.
- These microdots can be read physically with a microscope and identified with ultraviolet light.
- Microdots are a globally proven technology to ensure originality in spare parts of machines and components, including in the automobile sector.
- The government has envisaged that with microdots becoming a permanent feature in vehicles, identifying them would become easier in case they are stolen.
How it works?
- The microdots and adhesive are to become a permanent fixture/affixation which cannot be removed without damaging the asset itself.
- The microdots are to comply with AIS 155 requirements, if affixed.
- The technology involves spraying thousands of microscopic dots onto vehicles or other assets to form a unique identification.
- Each microdot carries this identification which is registered to the owner, but is not visible to the naked eye.
- Act, 1999 (GI Act) is a sui generis Act for protection of GI in India.
- India, as a member of the WTO enacted the Act to comply with the Agreement on Trade-Related Aspects of Intellectual Property Rights.
- Geographical Indications protection is granted through the TRIPS Agreement. See also the Paris Convention, the Madrid Agreement, the Lisbon Agreement, the Gene.