National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC)

Why in News?

  • The National Assessment and Accreditation Council (NAAC) has recently been facing allegations of irregularities in its functioning.


  • It is an autonomous body under the University Grants Commission (UGC) responsible for assessing the quality of higher educational institutions in India.
  • Through a multi-layered assessment process, it awards grades ranging from A++ to C based on parameters such as curriculum, faculty, infrastructure, research and financial well-being.
  • The former chairperson of NAAC’s executive committee resigned after alleging that malpractices were leading to questionable grades being awarded to some institutions.
  • An Inquiry commissioned found irregularities in the IT system and allocation of assessors.
  • The inquiry also highlighted that nearly 70% of experts from the pool of around 4,000 assessors have not received any opportunity to make site visits.
  • As of January 2023, out of the 1,113 universities and 43,796 colleges in the All India Survey on Higher Education (AISHE), 2020-2021, only 418 universities and 9,062 colleges were NAAC-accredited.
  • The UGC launched a scheme named ‘Paramarsh’ in 2019 to mentor institutes aspiring to get accredited.
  • NAAC explored the possibility of issuing Provisional Accreditation for Colleges (PAC) to one-year-old institutes.
  • The National Education Policy (2020) has set an ambitious target of getting all higher educational institutes to obtain the highest level of accreditation over the next 15 years.
  • The use of digital technology can help make education more accessible, cost-effective, and efficient.
  • Institutions should invest in digital infrastructure and provide training to students and faculty to adapt to new technologies.
  • International collaborations can help improve the quality of education and research in India.Institutions should partner with foreign institutions to exchange knowledge, expertise, and resources.
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