NEW TEST WITH QUANTUM COINS & COMPUTERS FOR QUANTUM SENSING
07, Mar 2020
Prelims level : Science and Technology – Computer Technology Mains level : GS-III Awareness in the fields of IT, Space, Computers, Robotics, Nano-Technology, Bio-Technology and issues relating to Intellectual Property Rights.
Why in News?
- Researchers from the Raman Research Institute (RRI) have devised a new test for fairness of quantum coin or qubit using entanglement theory.
- Raman Research Institute is an autonomous institution under the Department of Science & Technology.
About the New Test:
- The test uses entanglement to test the fairness of the quantum coin. Their strategy enables better discrimination between quantum states. Such an advantage is valuable in quantum sensors.
- This is a significant contribution to quantum state discrimination and an essential aspect of quantum information science which is expected to influence quantum sensing.
About Quantum Computing Technology:
- The domain of Quantum Information and Quantum Computing Technology is a growing area of research which is expected to influence Data Processing, which in turn, plays a central role in our lives in this Information Age. For instance, bank transactions, online shopping and so on crucially depend on the efficiency of information transfer.
- Thus the work on quantum state discrimination is expected to be valuable in people’s lives in the current era.
- A quantum bit, or qubit, is the basic unit of information for a quantum computer, analogous to a bit in ordinary machines. But unlike a bit, which can have the value 0 or 1, a qubit can take on an infinite number of values.
2. Quantum Computer
- A quantum computer is any device for computation that makes direct use of distinctively quantum mechanical phenomena, such as superposition and entanglement, to perform operations on data.
- Superposition means that each qubit can represent both a ‘1’ and a ‘0’ at the same time
- Quantum entanglement occurs when two particles become inextricably linked, and whatever happens to one immediately affects the other, regardless of how far apart they are.
- Entanglement is a special type of correlation that exists in the quantum world with no classical counterpart