Prelims Level
Mains Level
Prelims Syllabus : Science and Tech Mains Syllabus : GS-III Technology, Economic Development, Environment

Why in News:

  • After Balakot air strike, the Indian Air Force (IAF) has identified a shortage of Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS) aircraft to provide round-the-clock surveillance as a major deficiency


Airborne Warning and Control System (AWACS):

  • This system has the ability to detect incoming cruise missiles, fighter jets or even drones from both Pakistan and China.
  • China has over 20 AWACS while Pakistan has 8 AWACS.
  • The indigenous AeW&CS has completed all tests and certification.
  • Pegged as a “force multiplier”, the system is equipped with a 240-degree coverage radars in contrast to the existing Phalcons, which provide a 360-degree coverage over a 400-km range.
  • The AEW&C system will detect, identify and classify threats present in the surveillance area and act as a Command and Control Center to support Air Defence operations.
  • Besides, the system will support IAF in offensive strike missions and assist forces in the tactical battle area.
  • The Electronic and Communication Support Measures of the system can also intercept and gather electronic and communication intelligence from radar transmissions and communication signals.
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