Prelim Snippets 22-06-2019


  • Tamil Nadu Forest Department has carried out a long-distance translocation of 10 spotted deer on a pilot basis from the Guindy National Park to the Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve a distance of over 700 km — without any casualty.

Spotted Deer:

  • It is a species of deer that is native in the Indian subcontinent. Also known as Chital or axis deer
  • The species  is sexually  dimorphic; males  are  larger than females,  and antlers are  present only on males.  The  upper parts  are  golden to rufous, completely covered in  white  spots. The abdomen, rump, throat, insides of legs, ears, and tail are all white. The antlers, three- pronged, are nearly 1 m (3.3 ft) long
  • The chital is listed by the IUCN as least concern’
  • Guindy National Park: protected area of Tamil Nadu, located in Chennai, India, is the 8th-smallest National Park of India and one of the very few national parks situated inside  a city
  • The   park  has  a  role  in  both ex-situ and in-situ conservation  and  is  home  to  blackbucks spotted  deers, jackals,  a  wide  variety  of snakes, geckos, tortoises and  over  130  species  of birds, 14 species of mammals, over 60 species of butterflies and spiders each, a wealth of differentinvertebrates,grasshoppers, ants, termites, crabs, snails, slugs, scorpions, mites, e arthworms, millipedes, and the like.
  • These are free-ranging fauna and live with the minimal of interference from human beings. The only major management activity is protection as in any other in-situ conservation area.
  • Kalakkad Mundanthurai Tiger Reserve: It is located  in  the Southern  Western Ghats in Tirunelveli District and Kanyakumari District in Tamil Nadu.
  • It is the second-largest protected area in Tamil Nadu State (behind only Sathyamangalam Wildlife Sanctuary in Erode).
  • It   was   created   in  1988   by   combining Kalakad Wildlife   Sanctuary   (251 km²)   and Mundanthurai Wildlife Sanctuary both created in 1962


  • It is constructed by the Karnataka State Government in 1964, located in the Kargal village of Sagara taluk
  • It is stretching across the Sharavathi river. It is located about 6 km from Jog Falls


  • It is one of 51 shaktipeeths or seat of Shakti followers, each representing a body part of the Sati, Lord Shiva’s companion is situated in Nilachal Hills in Guwahati
  • Ambubachi Mela, a four-day fair to mark the annual menstruation of the goddess is being held at Kamakhya temple in Guwahati.


  • It  was  Built  in  1943  during  second  World  War  and  was  first  commissioned  as  HMS Hermes into the British Royal Navy in November 1959, During the falklands War in 1982, the aircraft carrier had served as flagship of the Royal Navy’s Task Force. British Navy had decommissioned in 1985 After 27 years of Service. It has sailed nearly 11 lakh km, enough to cover the globe 27 times.
  • It   had  spent  30  years  in   Indian  Navy   and  27  years  in   royal   British  Navy.  It   was commissioned  into  the  Indian  navy  on  May  12,  1987.  It  had  played  a  major  role  in Operation Jupiter in 1989 in the Sri Lankan Peace Keeping operation. It had participated in  the  Standoff  Operation  parakram  in  2001-20012  When  India  and  Pakistan  were engaged  in  a  standoff  post  the  Parliament  terror  attack.  Its  last  operational  deployment was  for  participation  in  International  Fleet  Review  Held  at  Visakhapatnam,  Andhra Pradesh in February 2016.
  • INS Viraat holds Guinness Books of record of being the longest serving warship in the world. It was also the last British- Built ship serving with the Indian Navy.


  • It is the second Saryu-class patrol vessel of the Indian Navy, designed and constructed indigenously by the Goa Shipyard Limited.
  • It is designed to undertake fleet support operations, coastal and offshore patrolling, ocean surveillance and monitoring of sea lines of communications and offshore assets and escort duties
  • It recently participated in Operation SANKALP 


  • Sri  Lanka’s  first  ever  satellite  ‘Raavana-1,  Designed  and  developed  by  two  sri  lankan engineers  was  successfully  placed  into  orbit.  It  was  launched  from  International  space Station (ISS) along with two other BIRDS 3 Satellites from japan and Nepal

About Raavana :


  • The  Satellite was  officially  handed  over  to  JAXA  (Japanese  Aerospace  and  Exploration Agency) on February 18 and was sent to International space Station on April 17, through assistance of Cygnus – 1 spacecraft from United States.


  • It was deployed to 400-km of orbit at an inclination of 51.6 degrees using JAXA (Japanese Aerospace and Exploration Agency) Owned Kibo experiment Module.


  • It was designed and developed by two Sri Lankan Engineers Tharindu Dayaratne and Dulani Chamika who are studying space engineering at Japan’s Kyushu Institute of Technology.


  • It is a cube satellite measuring 11.3 cm x 10 cm x 10 cm, and weighs around 1.05 kg it is expected to  fulfil  5 missions including capturing pictures of  Sri  Lanka & its surrounding regions. It also has active attitude stabilization which will ensure that satellite’s attitude is stable under influence of external talks.

Life Span:

  • It is designed for a minimum lifespan of 1.5 years but is expected to be active for about five year.


  • The Prime Minister’s Awards for outstanding contribution for Promotion and
  • Development of Yoga 2019 were announced by the Ministry of AYUSH.
  • In  2016,  on  occasion  of  2nd  International  Day  of  Yoga  celebrations  at  Chandigarh,  PM Narendra  Modi  had  announced  institution  of  awards  for  promotion  and  development  of Yoga.


  • The Archaeological Survey of India (ASI) has started the Process of declaring the site at Sadikpur Sinauli of National Importance, issuing a notification on June 6 Seeking objections, if any from the pulic for a period of two months.
  • The Ancient site at Sadikpur Sinauli is spread over 28 hectares in uttar Pradesh’s Baghpat District.
  • The site was the “Largest Necropolis of the late Harappan period of the early 2nd Millennuum BCE”.
  • At the site the excavation and preservation work is still ongoing after being started in 2018 and was deemed to have national importance due to the finds uncovered.
  • Among  the  treasures  unearthed  are  three  chariots,  legged  coffins,  shields,  swords  and helmets  –  all  which  point  towards  a  warrior  class  that  must  have  existed  around  2,000 BCE.
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