Prelims level : Geography Mains level : GS-I Geography of the World and Society
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Why in News:

  • IMD has officially informed that cyclone Vayu has changed course and now it will not make landfall in Gujarat

Back ground:

  • Vayu is a severe cyclonic storm heading towards Gujarat from the Arabian Sea.
  • The coastal districts of the State are likely to see heavy rainfall with high wind speed, and the sea will remain turbulent for the next 24 hours.
  • Cyclone Vayu will pass near Veraval, Porbandar and Dwarka. Its effect will be seen on the coastal regions, as there will be strong wind speed and heavy rain.
    IMD has officially informed that cyclone Vayu has changed course and now it will not make landfall in Gujarat.
  • The IMD said very severe category l cyclonic storm Vayu forming over east central Arabian Sea had moved north to northwest-wards in the past six hours.
  • It was 130 km south west of Veraval and 180 km south of Porbandar. It may move north- northwestwards for some time and skirt the Saurashtra coast later.
  • At Veraval, gusts with speed of 70 kmph were registered. Rain has started and will increase. South Gujarat may also get rain. Although the cyclone is not likely to make landfall, there will be heavy rain and strong winds.


  • The Gujarat government said all its preparations will remain on stand-by mode till the cyclone passed completely. “However, while skirting through the Gujarat coast, it may cause strong winds and rain. All forces will remain on alert mode until the situation becomes normal. The storm was expected to make landfall between Veraval and Dwarka coast on Thursday afternoon, with wind speeds of 145-155 kmph and up to 175 kmph.

Precautionary Measures:

  • In precautionary measures, the State government shifted more than 2.5 lakh people from low-lying areas and vulnerable places to safer locations.
  • Deployed 36 National Disaster Response Force teams and other agencies.
    All trains in Saurashtra coast were cancelled, flight operations at all airports in the region suspended and port operations halted across the coast.
  • The government had also ordered schools and colleges to remain shut for two days.
  • The State authorities have swung into action, ordering closure of schools for three days in coastal districts and deploying teams of the National Disaster Response Force (NDRF) and asking fishermen to return to the coast from high seas.
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